Innovation

"…surprisingly, solar energy can be trapped and stored for long periods in salt water - in a structure known as a solar pond - and this energy can be used to generate electricity via a methylene chloride-powered turbine. This approach has potential to supply power to remote rural areas…"

Dr. Raymond Davis Jr. - Picture Courtesy of Brookhaven National LaboratoryDr. Raymond Davis Jr. - Picture Courtesy of Brookhaven National Laboratory"…Chloroform and trichloroethylene for super-fast computers! Novel applications have been reported for chloroform and trichloroethylene molecules in development of an interesting new area of IT: quantum computers. These perform calculations using atoms instead of the computer chips used in conventional computers…"  

"…Enough chlorinated solvent perchloroethylene (PER) to clean 120 million garments in a modern machine helped an American chemist become one of three Physics Nobel Prize winners in 2002. Almost 400,000 litres of PER, which is widely used by dry cleaners, was utilised by Raymond Davis Jr. to conduct a radiochemical experiment in a tank installed down a South Dakota gold mine.

The tank was placed 1,500 metres below the earth's surface to isolate it from cosmic rays that could interfere with detection and measurement of solar neutrinos.

The Davis experiment ran almost continuously for 24 years (1970-94) during which it is calculated 2,200 argon atoms were produced in the tank, of which 776 were estimated to be produced by solar neutrinos…"

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