Risk Assessment Reports

 In the EU, chemicals were regulated by a number of different regulations and directives. The Council Regulation (EEC) No 793/93 of 1993, also known as the Existing Substances Regulation (ESR), was one of these. It introduced a comprehensive framework for the evaluation and control of "existing substances", i.e. substances on the market before 1982. The EU Commission, in consultation with the Member States, draw up lists of priority substances which required immediate attention because of their potential effects to human health or the environment. Between 1994 and 2007 (the entry into force of the successor regulation REACH), four such priority lists were published, with a total of 141 substances. ECSA was actively involved in risk assessments of chlorinated solvents by gathering data on the intrinsic properties, use and exposure of the substance, assessing the risk and ascertaining whether the risk is acceptable or not, and, where necessary, implementing reduction measures to minimise risk.

Information from the Existing Substances Regulation (ESR) is now found on the ESR website of ECHA, providing the EU Risk Assessment Reports (RARs) on Trichloroethylene (2004), Tetrachloroethylene (2005) and Chloroform (2007).

Last update: 02/2018

 

Montreal Protocol Meeting - ECSA & HSIA side event

November 2017

DCM & the ozone layer
24 November 2017 – 13hrs – Montréal

During this side event, we will provide you with scientific facts and figures on the worldwide production, emissions of the VSLS Dichloromethane (DCM) and its negligible contribution to ozone depletion.
We will consider the following criteria: global production by industry and emissions, global natural production, behavior and effect on the atmosphere, regulatory overview for DCM. The full paper is available here.
More information

 

IOELVs for DCM, CTC and PER published

February 2017

Indicative Occupational Exposure Limit Values (IOELVs) for DCM, CTC and PER have been published by the EU Commission (cf. DIRECTIVE (EU) 2017/164 of 31.1.2017), which are in line with the REACH DNEL(inhalation) for workers. 
These IOELVs have to be considered by member states for setting national exposure limits (OELs), which they have to accomplish by 21. August 2018. Only national OELs are legally binding for occupational safety, whereas the IOELVs have to be considered by users in case no OELs is set, yet.  The relevant OELs are provided with the SDS of the solvents suppliers (cf. chapter 8.1). 

 

IARC monograph on DCM

January 2017

DCM has been re-classified by IARC (IARC website) from Group 2B (Possibly carcinogenic to humans) to the next higher Group 2A (Probably carcinogenic to humans). This reclassification from 2014 has been published recently (Dichloromethane).In the opinion of ECSA the reclassification is not scientifically justified. IARC Monograph classifications are also questioned by other associations such as the American Chemical Council (ACC). However the IARC classification is of no regulatory relevance in EU as European legislation is triggered by classification according to the CLP (GHS) regulation (EC 1272/2008).  

 

New Study on DCM

October 2016

Together with HSIA, ECSA supported a study to clarify the mode of action of cancer formation for methylene chloride (DCM). A publication is expected soon in a peer reviewed scientific journal. The outcome of the study shows that below a threshold there is no risk on cancer formation related to DCM.