REACH (Registration, Evaluation, Authorisation and Restriction of Chemicals)

All member companies of the European Chlorinated Solvent Association (ECSA) met the first registration deadline for chlorinated solvents under REACH - the European regulation covering the Registration, Evaluation and Authorisation of Chemicals.

ECSA members have been well prepared to register chlorinated solvents under the European REACH regulation. A Chlorinated Solvents REACH Consortium has been formed including a Steering Committee, an Executive Committee and Technical Committees for five chlorinated substances. ReachCentrum was acting as secretariat for the consortium. The Chlorinated Solvents REACH Consortium was launched beginning of 2009, after 1 year of preparatory work. All ECSA members took part in it.

The consortium members have agreed to cooperate, under the leadership of one leading company per substance in the preparation of a joint registration dossier for each of the 5 substances. The lead companies of the REACH consortium have been elected by the SIEF (Substance Information Exchange Forum) to act as the lead registrant for a joint submission of the registration dossier of the substance.

The following substances (EC number; CAS number) have been successfully registered by ECSA members:

  • Dichloromethane (Methylene Chloride)  (200-838-9; 75-09-2)
  • Chloroform (Trichloromethane)  (200-663-8; 67-66-3)
  • Carbon Tetrachloride (Tetrachloromethane)  (200-262-8; 56-23-5)
  • Trichloroethylene (201-167-4; 79-01-6)
  • Tetrachloroethylene (Perchloroethylene) (204-825-9; 127-18-4)

More information about this REACH Consortium on

Trichloroethylene has been added to ANNEX XIV of REACH on the 21st of April 2013 with the following dates:

-        Application Date: October 21, 2014 (Date by which applications for authorization must be submitted to allow continued uses after the sunset date),

-        Sunset Date: (April 21, 2016)

Trichloroethylene can only be used after the sunset date  when a downstream user or his supplier holds and authorization for a particular use or the use falls under certain exemptions such as intermediate use or use in scientific research and development below 1mt/year (which includes the use in quality control). Please contact your supplier if Trichloroethylene is mandatory for your operation and you want to continue to use it.

Please refer to the webpage of the European Chemical Agency ECHA for further information on authorisation.

IOELVs for DCM, CTC and PER published

February 2017

Indicative Occupational Exposure Limit Values (IOELVs) for DCM, CTC and PER have been published by the EU Commission (cf. DIRECTIVE (EU) 2017/164 of 31.1.2017), which are in line with the REACH DNEL(inhalation) for workers. 
These IOELVs have to be considered by member states for setting national exposure limits (OELs), which they have to accomplish by 21. August 2018. Only national OELs are legally binding for occupational safety, whereas the IOELVs have to be considered by users in case no OELs is set, yet.  The relevant OELs are provided with the SDS of the solvents suppliers (cf. chapter 8.1). 


IARC monograph on DCM

January 2017

DCM has been re-classified by IARC (IARC website) from Group 2B (Possibly carcinogenic to humans) to the next higher Group 2A (Probably carcinogenic to humans). This reclassification from 2014 has been published recently (Dichloromethane).In the opinion of ECSA the reclassification is not scientifically justified. IARC Monograph classifications are also questioned by other associations such as the American Chemical Council (ACC). However the IARC classification is of no regulatory relevance in EU as European legislation is triggered by classification according to the CLP (GHS) regulation (EC 1272/2008).  


New Study on DCM

October 2016

Together with HSIA, ECSA supported a study to clarify the mode of action of cancer formation for methylene chloride (DCM). A publication is expected soon in a peer reviewed scientific journal. The outcome of the study shows that below a threshold there is no risk on cancer formation related to DCM.


Use of Perchloroethylene is safe in Germany

October 2016

The German federal authorities published a comprehensive guidance on the safe use of PER in dry-cleaning based on German regulations (2. BImSchV in force since 1990). ECSA supported the English translation of this guidance, which is now available on the website of the LAVG, the federal authority in charge.

The exposure study, as referenced in the guideline, proved that the use of PER is safe, if PER is applied according to regulations such as the 2. BImSchV and exposure is very low, well below the current German OEL.