Methylene chloride (DCM)
Methylene chloride, also known as dichloromethane (DCM), is a partially chlorinated C1-hydrocarbon of formula CH2Cl2.
It is a clear, non-flammable liquid with a low boiling point of 40°C and a low evaporation energy (about 9 times lower than water), offers good chemical stability and provides excellent solubility for a large range of materials. In contrary to PER and TRI it is biodegradable in aquatic systems.
The main applications of methylene chloride are in closed systems in industry, e.g. for the production of pharmaceuticals, fine chemicals, polymers and as extraction solvent.
The European Chlorinated Solvent Association (ECSA) has developed an online toolbox to provide users of chlorinated solvents with information about the safe & sustainable use of the products. Follow the link to the ECSA Product & Application Toolbox, a Guidance on Safe & Sustainable Use of Chlorinated Solvents: ECSA Product & Application Toolbox
For more information of Methylene Chloride please refer to the respective Health Profile and Product Safety Summary Document (Publications)